A surgical treatment popularly known as the Gastric banding is a treatment opted for obesity. These kinds of intervention are called bariatric surgery. The procedure acts on the stomach and constricts it, this causes the person to be feeling full even after eating lesser food than usual.
Here are quick facts you’d like to know about the gastric band surgery:
- It is a type of weight loss or bariatric, surgery.
- It falls under the minimally invasive, quick, reversible and adjustable surgical procedure category. The procedure decreases the size of the stomach so as to reduce food intake.
- An inflatable band is placed around the top of the stomach.
- Post surgery, a strict liquids-only diet with gradual reintroduction thereafter of soft foods is looked into for up to 6 weeks.
This procedure is approved for use as a weight loss treatment by the Food and Drug Administration.
In the procedure, the band is placed around the upper portion of the stomach by the surgeon and attaches a tube to the band. Accessibility to the tube is through a port under the skin of the abdomen.
This port is used by the surgeon to inject saline solution.
The adjustments made here can alter the degree of constriction around the stomach. The placement of the band creates a small stomach pouch above it, with the remaining part of the stomach below it.
So, in other words, a smaller stomach pouch reduces the amount of food that the stomach can hold at any one time. This creates an increased feeling of fullness after eating a smaller amount of food.
This procedure allows the body digestion to be carried on as usual making this the biggest advantage.
Food Habits after surgery include:
- The intake of food must be restricted in the first phase post-surgery.
- Diet is restricted to water, fluids.
- Until the end of 4 weeks, liquids and blended foods can be eaten.
- From 4 to 6 weeks, soft foods are introduced.
- After 6 weeks, a normal diet is suggested.
Who can undergo it?
Guidelines recommend the gastric band placement only if a person’s body mass index (BMI) is 35 or above. Some people with a BMI of 30–34.9 undergo surgery for other obesity-related problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, or sleep apnea.
Bariatric surgery may now be recommended for some individuals with a BMI of 30–35 if:
- Obesity-related complications prevail.
- Non-surgical approaches have not proven effective.
In general, the Non-surgical options include:
- Dietary changes.
- Physical activity.
Doctors do not recommend surgery for people who:
- have a current drug or alcohol abuse disorder.
- have an uncontrolled psychiatric illness.
- have difficulty understanding the risks and benefits, outcomes, alternatives, and lifestyle changes that follow.
Advantages of Laparoscopic Gastric Banding
The advantages of laparoscopic gastric banding include:
- The possibility of long-term weight loss.
- Relatively rapid recovery.
- Smaller chance of wound infections and hernias post-surgery
- Reduced risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, urinary incontinence, and other conditions related to excess weight.
- No loss of nutrient absorption.
- improved quality of life after surgery in many cases.